Arbroath 1320

The divine providence, the right of succession by the laws and customs of the kingdom of the Scots…

which we will defend till death… and the due and lawful consent and assent of all the people , made by Robert Bruce our King: To him we are obliged and resolved to adhere in all things, both on account of his right and his own merit, as being the people’s safety in defence of their liberties.

But after all, if this Prince shall leave these principles we hath so nobly pursued, and consent that we or our kingdom be subjected to the king or people of England, we will immediately endeavour to expel him as our enemy and as the subverter both of his own and our rights, and will make another king, who will defend liberties; for so long as there remain but one hundred of us alive we will never subject ourselves to the domination of the English. For it is no glory, it is not riches, neither is it honors, but it is liberty alone that we fight and contend for which no honest man will lose but with his life.